Hypertension is responsible for 70 pc of stroke, 50 pc of heart failure & 30 pc of CAD: Expert

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Hyderabad, May 17 : Hypertension is responsible for 70 per cent of the stroke, 50 per cent of the heart failure and 30 percent of the coronary artery disease (CAD ) said Dr Naresh Purohit, Executive Member of the Indian Society of Hypertension.

In comparison to the rest of the world, Indians are developing cardiovascular illnesses at an early age, he cautioned.

Raising concern about the significant rise in number of young Indians 20 years of age suffering from hypertension, noted Epidemiologist Dr Purohit told UNI here on the occasion of World Hypertension Day that a ‘ sedentary lifestyle and an imbalanced routine’ have been the cause of many critical health conditions lately.

People, often in the corporate world, are so passionate about achieving unachievable results that they skip the red flags their body sends, he said excessive smoking, consuming alcohol, lack of physical activities, bad diet (that includes a lot of junk and no seasonal fruits & vegetables, dairy, whole grains, protein etc) are all part of an unhealthy lifestyle.

“Being hooked to the screen on our palms is another reason why we are not really paying attention to our routine. Not moving their bodies too much and living a sedentary lifestyle is the biggest factor contributing to hypertension.” he said.

Dr Purohit, the Principal Investigator for the National Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme, informed that high blood pressure rarely has noticeable symptoms. If left untreated it can increase the risk of heart attacks or strokes.

He pointed out that hypertension has been long recognised as a silent killer and one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature deaths worldwide.

Renowned physician stated that in most people, the cause of high blood pressure remains unknown. Hypertension usually does not show any signs or symptoms.
Sometimes persistently high blood pressure may cause headaches, giddiness, breathlessness on exertion, tiredness, chest pain, and tingling in the hands and feet.

“Some characteristic risk factors for hypertension include obesity, drinking too much alcohol, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, processed food, and family history,” he said.

“Nowadays young patients come with various cardiovascular disorders like acute coronary syndrome or heart attack at a young age as early as 25-30 years,” he averred.